Terpenes and their Effects

terpenes and their effects

There are many different types of terpenes found in cannabis, and they each have different benefits. Read to learn about terpenes and their effects.

If you like the smell, look, and feel of cannabis—you are appreciating its terpene profile. Terpenes are chemical compounds that occur naturally in cannabis. They help give each strain its unique flavors, aromas, and colors. In addition, terpenes have their own medicinal and therapeutic qualities. They can treat symptoms and ailments naturally and effectively and reduce the reliance on pharmaceuticals. As a result, it’s beneficial to know about terpenes and their effects to understand which strains are the best strains for you. 

In this article, we will explain the most common terpenes and their benefits. Then, we will suggest some of the best strains from each terpene.


What are Terpenes?

There are approximately 200 different types of terpenes, and each strain contains a unique combination of them. They are basically the DNA of cannabis. There are primary and secondary terpenes. Primary terpenes determine how each strain looks, smells, and tastes. Secondary terpenes create the therapeutic qualities and effect of each strain. As a result, they create the beneficial qualities of indica, sativa, and hybrids. 


There are 7 common terpenes. We will explore the most common ones.


Terpenes and Their Effects


Pinene has a pine and woodsy aroma. It is found in strains such as Jack Herrer, Blue Dream, and OG Kush. Pinene is especially helpful in reducing inflammation. It is useful for those with autoimmune diseases, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and multiple sclerosis. This terpene also effectively reduces anxiety and pain levels. In addition, it has the ability to help memory functions and can be used to reduce the effects of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Pinene is also beneficial for those with asthma, as it opens a person’s airways.


This terpene boasts a bright lemon and citrus smell and flavor. It is found in award-winning strains, such as Super Lemon Haze, Durban Poison, and Do Si Dos. This terpene is beneficial for those with mood disorders, such as anxiety and depression. It also has anti-inflammatory properties and is loaded with antioxidants. Additionally, those with cancer and other diseases may benefit from using strains with this terpene.


Myrcene is one of the most prevalent terpenes. It has an earthy, spicy, and clove-like aroma and taste. Also, it can have a grapefruit flavor. This terpene is very common in indica strains. It has sedating, calming properties and can relieve pain and inflammation. In addition, this terpene is excellent for relieving headaches and migraines. Strains with a large percentage of Myrcene include Granddaddy Purple, Harlequin, and Tangie.


Caryophyllene has peppery and spicy notes. It can be found in black pepper, cinnamon, and cloves. This terpene works with the endocannabinoid system and binds more easily to CB2, a  receptor. It reduces inflammation, stress, anxiety, and depression. Also, this terpene can treat seizures and reduce high blood pressure. It also works to prevent cancer and decrease the risk of osteoporosis. Strains high in caryophyllene include Bubba Kush, Sour Diesel, Gelato, and Ice Cream Cake.


Humulene has spicy and earthy notes, and is also found in hops. It’s a potent anti-inflammatory. It suppresses appetite and even inhibits tumor growth. Additionally, it can work to reduce pain and allergies. This terpene doesn’t increase appetite, so it is useful for those that don’t want the munchies. Humulene is abundant in White Widow, Original Glue, Skywalker OG, and Headband.


This terpene has an earthy, woodsy scent with undertones of pine. It is rarely a primary terpene. As a result, it is hard to find cannabis strains with large amounts of Camphene. However, even in smaller doses, it has many therapeutic effects. Camphene is more common in hybrid strains than indica or sativa. This terpene can reduce cholesterol and heart problems. Furthermore, it reduces inflammation, pain, and has anti-fungal properties. ACDC, Mendocino Purps, and Bruce Banner have the terpene Camphene. 


Linalool has a floral aroma and has a strong effect on serotonin receptors. As a result, this terpene has antidepressant effects. It is useful for treating mood disorders, such as Bipolar Disorder, depression, and anxiety. It’s also helpful for reducing insomnia and improving cognitive function. As a result, this terpene is useful for those with dementia. Linalool also has anti-inflammatory benefits. You can find this terpene in Zkittlez, Wedding Mints, and Scooby Snacks.

Terpenes are important to consider when choosing cannabis strains. Knowing terpenes and their effects can ensure you receive the most benefits. You can ask our knowledgeable cannabis consultants about the best strains for you. Please reach out to us with any questions. 


JANE Dispensary has a Santa Rosa dispensary and Cotati dispensary. Shop our online dispensary with pickup and delivery options.


*This article is for informational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. Please consult a doctor.


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